Shanghai, Pudong New Area actively promote the reform of rural land transfer mechanism
in recent years, Pudong New Area in accelerating the process of rural land circulation, continue to explore the rural land transfer mechanism innovation, encourage and guide the rural land contract management rights orderly circulation, nurturing new agricultural business entities, the accumulation of the whole market as a typical experience to strengthen and standardize the rural land circulation. As of the end of 2015, the region's rural contracted land area of 238 thousand acres, the land transfer area of 181 thousand acres, turnover rate of 76.1%. Main practice.
first, the development of rural land stock cooperatives
2011, Pudong New Area Xinchang Zhen Wang Qiao Cun farmers through the contracted management of land in the form of the formation of village land stock cooperatives — — dianmimi fruit and vegetable planting cooperatives, land ownership as the basis and proposed to participate in a cooperative surplus distribution, further increase farmers' property income. The village in the development of land stock cooperatives, focusing on several key aspects: first, adhere to the dominant position of farmers. On the basis of adhering to the principle of equal consultation, according to the law, voluntary, paid, standardize the operation procedures of land shares, to ensure that farmers in the main position of land stock cooperatives. Two is a clear equity. Cooperative equity 1 acres of land converted to 1 shares, the total share capital of 3101 shares, mainly composed of individual shares and collective stocks. The individual shares is reduced according to the farmers voluntary shares of land, capital of 1905 shares; collective shares for the village collective farm land conversion into shares, share capital of 1196 shares. Three is to improve the governance structure. In accordance with the law of farmers' professional cooperatives, the articles of association of cooperatives have been formulated, which shall be signed by more than 2/3 of the farmers. At the same time, were selected from members of Congress, Council and board of supervisors, including members of Congress elected by the peasant household represents 35 members, to discuss and decide on major issues in the production and operating activities of cooperatives. Four is a reasonable distribution of income. The distribution of cooperative income is based on the principle of equity equity, risk sharing, benefit sharing and accumulation. The shareholders profit distribution as the underpinning of dividends and earnings dividends, dividends per share in accordance with the underpinning of Xinchang Town land price in cash every year, December 31st to complete the settlement work, in January 31st next year before delivery to shareholders, from 2014 to 2015 of 1050 yuan per share dividend underpinning, surplus dividend of 700 yuan.
two, to carry out rural land transfer trust pilot
for the further innovation of rural land circulation, reduce the risk of rural land circulation, improving farmers' land transfer income, in 2015, Pudong New Area to explore and promote the circulation of rural land trust pilot, especially in the area of seasonal flowers Zhoupu town trust land transfer project successful operation, realized the first single in the city rural contracted land management rights transfer the trust mechanism, has been widespread concern in society. First, the flow model is relatively novel. Trust land transfer is mainly refers to the premise of adhering to collective ownership of land and protect the farmers' right to contract, trust intermediary service institutions funded by the government established by farmers, land use right in accordance with the market demand, through the specification of the program will land within a certain period of time in accordance with the law, voluntary transfer to other citizens agricultural development or corporate business activities. Two is a more scientific project operation. Seasonal flowers trust land transfer project is mainly composed of Zhou town government, village committee, Zhoupu Jie Bang agricultural Cci Capital Ltd, Bank of International Trust Company Limited (hereinafter referred to as “ Bank of the letter ”) and other parties to participate in the operation, a total of 371.8 acres of land transfer farmers, the specific operation by the Bank of the letter to the contracted management of land the establishment of the trust property right as “ Bank of the letter? Zhoupu Huahai &rdquo single trust land contract management rights transfer; Bank of the letter, as a trustee of the trust property trust plan management, and the trust property leased to the operator — — Jie bang Vegetable & Fruit professional cooperatives, the development of ecological garden flowers and subsequent operation and management. Three is the transfer of effective risk control. Trust land transfer mechanism for farmers to increase the risk control mechanism in the process of land circulation, seasonal flowers trust land transfer project contract management, according to the agreed schedule to party fails to pay farmers land transfer income, Bank of the letter of guarantee payment of the benefit and the right through legal means to replace the lessee. At the same time, Bank of the letter as a professional financial institutions, can better help the family farm, farmer cooperatives and other new business entities agriculture loans difficult to solve the financing problem, and gradually the quality customer resources and financial resources into the trust land transfer project, effectively promoted the integration of the development of the rural 123 industry, has laid a good foundation agricultural efficiency. Four is the steady growth of farmers' income. Seasonal flowers project trust land transfer agreement, transfer from the initial year, farmers per year will enjoy the land transfer price of 1800 yuan and an annual increase of 5% of the land transfer income. At the same time, farmers can also sign employment agreements with Vegetable & Fruit Jie Bang professional cooperatives, continue to work in the four seasons flowers ecological park, the original land contract can obtain land rental income, and can obtain the wage income, and truly become a double farmer &rdquo “.